Sermon 13th Sunday After Pentecost

September 7, 2009

In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

My dear brothers and sisters in Christ in today’s Gospel we hear the parable of the husbandmen which ends with a verse from the Psalms “The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes.” (Psalm 118:23)

Christ when He quotes this verse from the Psalms explains the parable in terms of salvation history.

The parable begins with a man creating a vineyard with a hedge around it, a wine press and a tower. He then lends it out to husbandmen and goes off to a far country.

The man in this story is God the creator of heaven and earth.

The vineyard signifies the Israelite people whom God has chosen to be the bears of salvation to all of humanity.

The hedge around the vineyard is the law of God.

The wine press is the promised Messiah.

The tower signifies the Temple which is a precursor of the Church.

The husbandmen are the leaders of the people, the priests and the teachers.

How can the land owner, God, go off into a far country? What this is telling us is that God gives us our free will to work out our salvation. It also tells us that God is patient with us in our sins so that we might come to repentance.

We then hear how the husband men treated the servants of the land owner. They killed and stoned them when they came to receive the fruits of the vineyard.

These servants were the prophets who came to the people of Israel to remind them of the fruits that flow from following the Law of God. In turn the leaders of the people had the prophets killed.

The parable then says that the land owner sends his son to the husbandmen because they will reverence him. Thus, as it says in Galatians “when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son.” (Galatians 4:4)

God knew before hand that the leaders of the people would not hesitate to treat His Son in the same manner as the prophets. Saint Nikolaj Velimirovic says that He did this to shame us by showing us our ingratitude to God for all of the wonders He has given us.

The parable then goes on to say how the husbandmen take the son out of the vineyard and kill him. Our Lord here is foretelling of His death on the cross outside of Jerusalem.

The Lord when He finishes the parable what should be done to the husbandmen. They say that that they should be cast out of the vineyard and replaced. In doing so with their words they pronounce judgment on themselves. They understand legalistic justice as many of us do. However the ways of God are different this is why our Lord says “The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes.” (Psalm 118:23) to conclude this passage.

What our Lord is saying is that He is the corner stone between the Old and New covenants. Through this He says that God is patient with us in our sins but that we must repent of our sins to experience His love for us. We must remember that God will judge us. We are reminded of the power of judgment of this stone, Christ, when our Lord said “And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.”

So my dear brothers and sisters in Christ the message of today’s Gospel is repent. Do not put off repentance because you know neither the day or the hour that the master is coming just as the husband men in today’s Gospel do not know the day or the hour that the landowner will come and cast them out and replace them with other servants. Repent because you do not know how long God will patiently endure your assaults against Him through the sins you commit.

Amen

Delivered by Fr. Milan Medakovic at Holy Trinity Serbian Orthodox Church on the 13th Sunday after Pentecost 2009.

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Sermon 12th Sunday After Pentecost

September 2, 2009

In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

icon camel-needleMy dear brothers and sisters in Christ in today’s Gospel we heard of a young man that came to our Lord and asked what he must do to inherit eternal life. Our Lord responded that he must keep the commandments. The young man replied that he had kept the commandments. The Lord then replied that if he wanted to be perfect that that he need to sell all that he had and follow the Lord. The young man departed sorrowful because he had many possessions.

When the young man was gone our Lord said to His disciples that it was easier for a camel to pass through the eye of needle then for a rich a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven. The disciples then asked who then can be saved. The Lord responded “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” (Matthew 19:26)

There are two questions in this Gospel lesson that concern all of us they are what must I do to be saved and who can be saved.

Within Gospel we see that there are two levels of salvation. The first level of salvation is that simply salvation to inherit eternal life. The second level of salvation is that of perfection. We know of these two levels of salvation of eternal life from the scripture. Our Lord said “In my Father’s house are many mansions” (John 14:2) Thus in the kingdom of heaven we are not all equal. Just as there are ranks of angels, there are ranks of those that inherit eternal life. First in this ranking is the queen of heaven the Most Hoy Mother of God, she is followed by the apostles, then the saints, then the righteous and then those that are simply saved. Saint Paul further confirms this ranking when he says to the Corinthians “Do you not know that the saints shall judge the world?” (1Corinthians 6:2)

In today’s Gospel our Lord tells us that the first requirement for entry into the kingdom of heaven is to keep the commandments or more properly to keep the Law of God. We see our Lord tell this young man that he must keep commandments from the Law of Moses. He does this to remind us first and foremost that “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill.” (Matthew 5:17) The second thing that He reminds us of in quoting these commandments to the young man is that entry into the kingdom of heaven is as simple the Holy Prophet King David said in the Psalms “Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.” (Psalm 34:14)

If you read the Gospel closely you will notice that our Lord only mentions six of the commandments and not all ten. Saint Nikolaj Velimirovic says that or Lord used these six because they had special significance to this young man. Thus, as Saint Nikolaj explains:

“You shalt do no murder” means over pampering of the body in riches and luxury kills the soul

“You shalt not commit adultery” means the soul is intended for God as a bride for her husband, if it occupies itself with love for worldly riches… it commits adultery against its immortal Husband God

“You shalt not steal” means do not steal from the soul for the body’s benefit

“You shalt not bear false witness” means do not in any way justify love for riches and neglect of the soul

“Honor your father and thy mother” means do not honor only yourself, honor your father and mother by which you came into the world, that in this way you may honor God by whom you came into the world.

“You shalt love your neighbor as yourself” means love others in order to discipline yourself, and bring yourself down to equality with others in your eyes.

All too often when we look at the commandments of God we look at them as simple requirements. What we fail to see in them, when we look at them in this manner is the deeper spiritual meaning that is attached to them. Thus, we become like the Pharisee who justified himself before God saying “I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.” (Luke 18:12)

Failing to see the deeper spiritual meaning of these commandments our Lord then confronts the young man with the higher standard of perfection in order to see the deeper spiritual meaning of the commandments when he says “go and sell that you have, and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.” (Matthew 19:21)

Wealth in of itself is not evil. The evil is created by ones bondage to riches, lands and possessions. We can see that many of the righteous from scripture were rich but were bound more firmly to their faith in God then their riches.

Abraham thought of himself as dust and ashes among his riches

Job’s wealth did not stop him from being humble before God and obedient to Him

Boaz, King David’s great grandfather, was rich but pleasing to God in his benevolence

Joseph of Arimathea was rich but his wealth did not impede his devotion to the Lord

We see the answer to the second question “who then can be saved” in these righteous men because they were not bound in their hearts to Earthly riches but to God. So we see through these men what our Lord meant when he said “without me you can do nothing.” (John 15:5) The apostle Paul further confirms this when he said to the Philippians “I can do all things through Christ which strengthens me.” (Philippians 4:13)

So my dear brother and sisters in Christ we can see that our salvation rests on our relationship with our Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ because as he said “With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.” (Matthew 19:26)

Amen

Delivered by Fr. Milan Medakovic at Holy Trinity Serbian Orthodox Church on the 12th Sunday after Pentecost 2009.